The faster the wheels of the software industry turn, the greater the need for DevOps engineers, communication aces capable of uniting the teams of development and IT operation into a single organism that works quickly and coherently.
Software development and its deployment in a customer environment are two separate processes performed by technicians of different profiles. The consistency of their actions is crucial especially when you need to deliver software quickly and with minimal fixes. The task of DevOps Engineer is to establish effective communication between the teams of development and IT operation and facilitate their collaboration.What skills do you need to become such a valuable specialist?
1. Soft skills
Even an advanced IT professional will not be able to become a DevOps engineer if he does not have a number of soft skills, such as sociability, flexibility in decision-making, and the ability to listen. Without these qualities, you cannot become a link between two separate teams. You will need to take into account the opinions and interests of all participants in the process, find compromises and promote mutual understanding.
2. Proficiency in tools
There are a huge number of tools that help DevOps perform their tasks. It’s not necessary to understand all of them. But, of course, the more tools your master, the more you will be appreciated and the better job you will do. You will need knowledge in such areas as Source Control, Cloud Platforms, Deployment Automation, Continuous Integration, and some others.
3. Proficiency in automation technologies
Automation is extremely important in DevOps’ work, since one of its key tasks is to speed up the software development process while minimizing errors in it. Automation tools like continuous testing, application performance monitoring and many others not only reduce the influence of the human factor, but also makes many processes self-fulfilling.
4. Security Skills
DevOps helps release software faster. Which is nice, but at the same time when production speed is high, it is likely that the security team merely will not have enough time to detect all code vulnerabilities. Therefore, simultaneously with the implementation of the DevOps approach, it is necessary to improve the security mechanisms in the IT company. You will need at least basic skills in this area. This does not mean that you have to fix problems in the code, but you have to set up this process and control it.
5. Coding Skills
You do not have to know all programming languages deeply. But still you will need some experience in coding and especially in scripting. It is advisable that your skills list include knowledge of Python, Ruby, Java, Shell, PHP and other popular languages.
6. Testing skills
You need a good knowledge of testing for the simple reason: that it is an integral part of DevOps engineer’s work. You are largely responsible for the quality of testing in your organization. And this is a big challenge, because if this process is not properly established and is not automated, it will inevitably lead to permanent errors.
7. Understanding of cloud tools
Cloud technology and DevOps are inextricably linked for a number of reasons. Cloud provides your team with a convenient platform for many tasks related to the development, testing and deployment of software. In addition, it allows all participants in the process to track the implementation of these tasks on a centralized resource.
As you can see, DevOps is a universal soldier in an IT organization, who must understand both the nuances of software development and its deployment. In addition, he must be a diplomat, a leader, and a facilitator in one person. If all this is about you – go for it!